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View Test Prep - AAMC MCAT test PDF from MCAT 1 at Nonesuch School. Document# MCAT Practice Test 11 - CBT D t o N o D e t u b i r t is Page 1. Free practice exam here: pabushobupchild.tk AAMC: The Official Guide has 20 passages in it and a dozen or two of discrete questions. .:O if it's a PDF do you mind uploading to a dropbox and providing a link?. The MCAT (Medical College Admission Test) is offered by the AAMC and Welcome to the BEST place for MCAT prep and practice materials.
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Passage VI It is not in the American experience to think about limits on energy. Another limitation on [the U.
But this highly relevant fact was not represented in either the consumption pattern or in prices. Yet by the late s and early s. Between and Environmentalism made its influence felt in a large number of ways: Sharing or reproducing this material in any form is a violation of the AAMC copyright An increasing number of individuals and communities in the U.
Until recently. Although not particularly noticeable at the time. In Concern about air pollution led to fuel switching. In terms of solving the supply side of the energy equation. Soft technologies. It was outrunning its geological base. The Public Agenda: Issues in American Politics. Each solar collector for heating and cooling systems requires about a pound of copper.
A more rapid spread of this approach is being hindered by government taxpayer subsidies of the hard-path approach. They emphasize diversification and dispersal of energy sources so as to avoid in the future the sort of dependence we now have on fossil fuels. Diversification into solar energy is a primary reason for the dramatic acquisition of copper mines by oil companies. As far as energy was concerned.
The turning point came in C a switch to nuclear reactors as the primary energy source. Which of the following forms of legislation would an advocate of the soft-energy path probably support? Which of the following inferences is justified by information in the passage? A The U. Which of the following phenomena will be considered most outdated at that time?
A Rows of windmills along the seacoasts B Houses designed and insulated to conserve energy C Automobiles powered by liquid fuel distilled from corn D Antipollution devices on the smokestacks of factories B increased utilization of low-sulfur oil by utility companies. The author of the passage seems to hold the opinion that: A mandate to increase the ratio of softto hard-energy sources by a specified amount within ten years III.
Which of the following statements is inconsistent with information in the passage? A Most people believe that the U. B Environmentalism has caused fundamental changes in the U. B The burning of imported oil pollutes the air less than does the burning of coal.
The author of the passage probably most strongly supports: A the acquisition of solar technology companies by large corporations. B the U. D Since the s.
D substantial federal subsidies for solar energy research. Tax credits for corporations that install solar panels in office buildings II. C large U. C Oil companies have a global monopoly on copper production.
D the U. D The consumption of natural gas has declined in the U. Assume that the soft-energy path is fully implemented in the U. C The use of domestic oil has been declining in the U. Information in the passage suggests that which B An improved design for nuclear power plants makes radioactive leakage virtually impossible.
C Hard-path energy corporations publicly praise the invention. D Domestic oil production increases to the point that the U. B The government provides business grants to encourage mass production of the battery.
C Coal-burning plants install furnaces that eliminate the emission of air pollutants. Suppose that an inventor has perfected a solar battery that would allow U. The passage suggests which of the following scenarios as most probable? A Utility companies attempt to download the patent on the battery. D The nuclear power industry lobbies for reduced taxes for customers who do not convert to solar power.
The ceremonies of sports overlap those of the state on one side and those of [religion] on the other. Not only do the origins of sports. They honor their country. The athlete may of course be pagan. In fidelity to that concern. Among the godward signs in contemporary life. So do writers on politics and sex. The Olympics are not bare-bones athletic events but religion and politics as well. Going to a stadium is half like going to a political rally.
I am saying that sports flow outward into action from a deep natural impulse that is radically religious: Even today. At the Super Bowl in The Joy of Sports. Passage VII The institutions of the state generate a civil religion.
I am arguing a considerably stronger point. All parts of their lives meld together. The ancient Olympic games used to be both festivals in honor of the gods and festivals in honor of the state—and that has been the classical position of sports ever since. There are many ways to express this radical impulse: They do serve a religious function: They feed a deep human hunger.
B importance of honoring losers as well as winners. A People would rather attend religious ceremonies than sporting events. Which of the following findings would most D Players on a team have stronger feelings about the sport than do fans of the team. C awareness of the similarity of popular spiritual movements to conventional religions.
A extent of the emotional investment in sports. B wish to use language that includes all persons. C recognize the patriotic impulses in sports. D accepts the domination of athletics by religion and politics.
B admires the skill of the athletes of ancient Greece. B Sports fans fail to recognize the religious impulse in their enthusiasm. The primary message of the passage is that one should: A understand the profound importance of sports. A faith in a divine presence that is apparent in daily life. C unacceptability of losing a sporting competition. C Only the conventionally religious experience the spiritual dimension of sports. C understands the historical function of athletics. D consequences of an exaggerated concern with sports.
A respects the devoutness and patriotism of athletes. B appreciate the religious history of sports. D distinguish between the ceremony and the excitement of sports.
D opinion that attendance at sporting events will lead to a religious revival. Now it seems clear that states and processes [of] the brain are responsible for behavioral dispositions. Whether you are disposed to take your umbrella with you depends not just on your belief that it will rain but also your desire not to get wet.
A [weak form of] functionalism allows that pain might be the firing of C-fibers in people and a different event in other creatures. Functionalism holds that mental events of a Sharing or reproducing this material in any form is a violation of the AAMC copyright It is controversial whether this is an overly strong thesis because of its implication that the physical basis for any type of mental [experience] must be the same in different creatures.
Some philosophical issues in cognitive science: This is one reason [that] crude behaviorism must fail. A particular belief taken by itself cannot be identified with particular behavioral dispositions because the relevant behavioral dispositions are determined by various beliefs taken together plus various desires and other mental states. To understand. So the only way in which mental states and processes can be responsible for behavioral dispositions is for them to be the very same as the underlying physical states and processes that are responsible for those behavioral dispositions.
An important aspect of functional notions is that they are defined in relation to a whole system of interdependent functions. According to these critics. Many critics would object more controversially that behaviorism takes too external a view of the mental. According to functionalism. A type-type identity theory holds that every type of mental [experience]. If pain equals what is responsible for pain behavior and to oversimplify matters the firing of C-fibers equals what is responsible for pain behavior.
You may have a pain in your toe without having a disposition to complain or move your toe because you may be a super Spartan who does not want to give any sign of what you are feeling. In this view. A does not take internal context sufficiently into account. Such beliefs are apparently constructed from relevant general knowledge rather than stored as explicit information. C functionalist. The passage suggests that behaviorism and type-type identity theory share which of the following weaknesses?
A They oversimplify mental states by reducing them to physiological states. B should be replaced by type-type identity theory. B type-type identity theorist. D assumes that beliefs and feelings do not exist. D It indicates the operation of brain processes associated with changing ropes while climbing.
B It is one of many possible results of a belief in the weakness of the original rope. C They ignore the context provided by associated beliefs and feelings. C It is probably influenced by beliefs other than a belief in the weakness of the original rope. Suppose that a mountain climber is offered a replacement for the rope by which the climber is suspended. Is the conclusion that certain beliefs are only implicit consistent with functionalism as the author explains it? According to passage information.
D They assume that all mental events are determined by external physical events. A behaviorist. B They provide no reason for the existence of pain or other mental states.
AAMC MCAT test 11.PDF - Document#5643570 MCAT Practice Test...
D nonscientist. C can explain only actions that are predictable. If the climber accepts the replacement rope.
If asked. A It constitutes evidence of a belief in the weakness of the original rope. Most of us are not able to monitor to an appreciable degree in normal communicative situations. Krashen provides strong evidence that learned. Overwhelming research evidence and informal reports point out that students who wish to communicate must acquire this ability in much the same way that speakers.
Sharing or reproducing this material in any form is a violation of the AAMC copyright Krashen claims that the monitor theory also accounts for the tremendous variation in grammatical accuracy among adults. The Natural Approach to Language Teaching: An Update. Passage IX Available research in second-language study strongly supports the hypothesis that the processes Krashen and others have called acquisition the unconscious formulation of grammatical principles and learning the conscious cognitive-based study of grammar represent two systems for internalizing knowledge about language.
Many language instructors fall into this category. Most speakers meet conditions for monitoring regularly and systematically only on cognitive grammar tests.
Most adults are not very good at learning grammar. Learning activities are more limited in their usefulness to beginners. A fourth category was suggested by Carlos Yorio. The speakers must: A showing the habits of an underuser. C taking a grammar test. B use audiotapes to learn grammar while sleeping. The author states that underusers might C optimal users. D Modifications of utterances are usually initiated by prior knowledge.
D underusers. B Learned rules of grammar have limited usefulness for language students. B overusers. Krashen would classify people who frequently correct their own grammar while speaking as: A superusers. Which of the following items of information provided elsewhere in the passage most helps to clarify this statement? A Children develop their ability to speak in informal situations.
B The scores of beginning language students are poor predictors of their oral proficiency. D The scores of language instructors are poor predictors of their oral proficiency. C Some people can apply learned rules so efficiently that their monitoring is not noticeable. The passage suggests that an effective way for second-language learners to improve their fluency would be to: A drill themselves repeatedly on everyday vocabulary. C use the second language to request information.
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D attempting to engage in conversation. B beginning to study the language. Which of the following findings about the value of grammar tests would be most troublesome for the monitor theory? A The scores of beginning language students are good predictors of their oral proficiency.
D perform mental exercises to increase their memory. C The scores of language instructors are good predictors of their oral proficiency. Before you begin writing each of your responses.
Use your time efficiently. The test consists of two parts. Writing Sample Time: You will have 30 minutes to complete each part. Because this is a test of your writing skills. Discuss what you think determines whether or not the successful politician resembles the ordinary citizen. Describe a specific situation in which the successful politician in a democracy does not resemble the ordinary citizen.
Write a unified essay in which you perform the following tasks. Consider this statement: In a democracy. Explain what you think the above statement means. Describe a specific situation in which advancements in communication technology have not reduced the quality of human interaction.
Advancements in communication technology have reduced the quality of human interaction. Discuss what you think determines whether or not advancements in communication technology have reduced the quality of human interaction. Biological Sciences Time: Vitamin C.
There is more bone resorption than bone formation. Vitamin D. Osteoporosis usually affects older people. It can be obtained from the diet or by the action of ultraviolet light on the skin.
Rickets affects children. The ratio of mineral to organic matter is lower than normal. Impairment of conversion of vitamin D to its active form III. This abnormality can result in distortion of the bones. This nonpolar compound acts on the small intestine to stimulate absorption of calcium and also on bone tissue to enhance the effect of parathyroid hormone.
Why do calcium supplements often include vitamin D? A Vitamin D is needed to prevent rickets. Passage I Bone consists of a hard mineral portion mostly calcium. B The activated form of vitamin D stimulates the absorption of calcium into the blood. Under what condition would the level of calcitonin tend to increase?
A When there is a dietary deficiency of calcium B When there is a dietary deficiency of vitamin D C When the level of calcium in the plasma is high D When the level of parathyroid hormone is too low It is caused by insufficient vitamin D activity. Which of the following conditions could produce rickets? A low level of calcium in the plasma will trigger an increase of: Throughout life. D The activated form of vitamin D enhances the uptake of calcium by bone tissue.
The causes are not definitely known. C The activated form of vitamin D enhances the action of calcitonin. Metabolic deficiency of parathyroid hormone II. Some important agents that affect this process are: Parathyroid hormone. Two common diseases affect bone metabolism: A Severe neural and muscular problems due to deficiency of calcium in the plasma B An increase in calcitonin production to compensate for calcium deficiency in the plasma C A drastic change in the ratio of mineral to matrix tissue in bones D Calcification of some organs due to accumulation of calcium in the plasma Sharing or reproducing this material in any form is a violation of the AAMC copyright Which of the following persons would be most likely to have rickets?
A A child with a dietary deficiency in fat-soluble vitamins living in a tropical climate B A child with a dietary deficiency in fat-soluble vitamins living in a northern climate C A child with a dietary deficiency in water-soluble vitamins living in a tropical climate D A child with a dietary deficiency in water-soluble vitamins living in a northern climate What would be the result of complete removal C hydrogen bonding with the alpha subunit.
When these antibodies were applied to lab animals subjected to ischemia of the heart. Antibody A was directed against the alpha subunit and antibody B was directed against the beta subunit. During reperfusion. D the generation of antibody against the subunit. A scientist observed that during these disorders. The adherence of neutrophils was facilitated by an adhesion receptor on the neutrophil membrane. Which of the following experiments would provide the best supporting evidence that neutrophils are the cause of the reperfusion injury?
B transferring proteinases from endothelium to neutrophils. After extensive research. The scientist hypothesized that most of the tissue damage was actually a neutrophil-mediated phenomenon i.
The two subunits were isolated from neutrophils and each was used to generate mouse antibodies. Information in the passage suggests most strongly that the function of the beta subunit involves: A adhering neutrophils to the endothelium. Passage II The tissue injury that results from ischemia loss of blood flow and subsequent blood reperfusion underlies several common. The scientist concluded that the majority of the injury was indeed caused by neutrophils..
The animals were then studied for 10 days. Which of the following reasons offers the best support for this claim? A Antibody B is a high-affinity antibody. The scientist applied antibody B to lab animals at different stages during ischemia and reperfusion. D before reperfusion only. B Antibody B can block the initiation of events that result in the release of harmful. C Because the antibody was generated in the mouse.
B Because the antibody was generated in the mouse. D Antibody B exhibits a high half-life and can be used at any dosage at any time. The scientist claimed that antibody B offers a better means for preventing organ injury than agents such as free radical or protease inhibitors. D Because the antibody was generated in the mouse. Which of the following is the most logical reason for the rejection? A Because the antibody was generated in the mouse.
The scientist wanted to use antibody B clinically i. B after reperfusion only. C during reperfusion only. A at any time during ischemia or reperfusion. C Antibody B is a very specific antibody. A neutrophil has point mutations in the genes coding for the alpha and the beta subunits of the adhesion receptor.
C The cell can bind to endothelium. B The cell has only functional beta subunits. D The cell has a defective cell membrane. Which of the following situations would most likely occur in patients with defects in the neutrophil adhesion receptors during bacterial infections?
A A presence of pus at sites of bacterial infections B An absence of pus at sites of bacterial infections C An increase in the amount of circulating red blood cells D A decrease in the amount of circulating white blood cells Sharing or reproducing this material in any form is a violation of the AAMC copyright Which of the following conclusions about the effect of this mutation can be drawn?
A The cell cannot release toxic products such as prostaglandins. Experiment 2 A pure sample of the semicarbazone of cyclohexanone was mixed with a pure sample of 2furaldehyde in one flask labeled 2D.
Crystals were collected from the cooled flasks. B doublet. The rates of formation of their semicarbazones from semicarbazide at three temperatures were studied in Experiment 1. Table 1 shows the recorded melting point data. C triplet. Based on its structure shown below. D Its reaction profile has the higher energy of activation.
A singlet. Which of the following rationales explains which compound is the product of kinetic control? A Its semicarbazone has the lower melting point. The products of kinetic and thermodynamic control were determined.
Passage III Students conducted two experiments to study the reactivities of cyclohexanone and 2-furaldehyde. C Its reaction profile has the lower energy of activation. After 20 minutes. D quartet. An aqueous.
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B It forms faster at all temperatures because its rate of formation is independent of its path. The stability of the respective semicarbazones was studied in Experiment 2. Which semicarbazone is the product of thermodynamic control? D spread the crystals evenly over the surface of the funnel. What is the hybridization of the carbonyl carbon in cyclohexanone?
B remove soluble impurities. A recrystallize the product. In each experiment. C remove insoluble impurities. A Hypothesis A. Vascular resistance is predominantly a function of blood vessel radius. A shortened life expectancy is associated with hypertension.
The nervous system is probably not involved in this reflex. What mechanism probably would be responsible for the increased urine output induced by hypertension according to Hypothesis B? A Increased blood flow to the bladder B Increased renal tubular reabsorption of solutes and water C Increased collecting duct permeability to water D Increased glomerular filtration rate Failure of this reflex function may cause systemic hypertension.
Assuming Hypothesis B to be correct. Hypothesis B Although increases in resistance to blood flow can quickly increase blood pressure. If restriction of blood flow to the kidneys by placing clamps on the renal arteries resulted in an immediate but small increase in blood pressure. Two hypotheses are given here: Passage IV A person has hypertension high blood pressure when his or her systemic arterial pressure exceeds the upper end of the normal range.
The increased pressure should cause the kidneys to increase their output of fluid.
According to Hypothesis A. D hydrochloric acid. Synthesis of antibody proteins in eukaryotic cells is associated with what organelle? A Axial. The most effective way to remove triethylamine during the workup of an organic reaction would be to extract the reaction mixture with aqueous: A sodium bicarbonate. Which of the following represents the complete pathway that the nerve impulse travels in effecting this response?
A Sensory neuron. In the human "knee-jerk" reflex. C sodium sulfate. B sodium bisulfite. Passage V In gout, an inflammatory reaction occurs in response to the deposition of solid uric acid in joints. Uric acid crystals form due to increased concentration of circulating uric acid.
Phagocytosis of the uric acid crystals by infiltrating leukocytes leads to hyperactivation of the inflammatory cells. Joint damage occurs from the subsequent release of inflammatory agents from the leukocytes. Gout can be one of the sequelae of starvation, pneumonia, and leukemia, conditions characterized by increased breakdown of cells.
Humans excrete small amounts of uric acid in the urine, but in most other mammals, uric acid is further oxidized to allantoin before excretion. Uric acid is formed by the breakdown of purines to xanthine, a uric acid precursor, and by direct synthesis from 5-phosphoribosylpyrophosphate 5-PRPP and glutamine.
Allopurinol, an inhibitor of the enzyme xanthine oxidase, is one drug that is used to treat gout. Another drug used to treat gout is colchicine, an inhibitor of microtubule reorganization. Uric acid enters the urine both through filtration and secretion in the kidney. The process of filtration of uric acid in the kidney takes place in the: A glomerulus. B loop of Henle. C distal convoluted tubule. D proximal convoluted tubule. Colchicine most likely relieves gout symptoms through what mechanism?
A Prevention of uric acid diffusion through cell membranes B Inhibition of leukocyte phagocytosis of uric acid crystals C Inhibition of uric acid crystal formation D Maintenance of the pH optimum for PRPP synthetase Once you have completed your offline practice test, follow these steps to enter your answers and submit them for scoring. Login to the web site. If this is a new test, click the "Start on Paper" link provided in the "Start a New Test" table of your home page.
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Once you have finished entering your answers be sure to save them by clicking "Save", "Save and Exit", or "Review Online". If you close the answer sheet page without clicking one of these links, your answers will not be saved.What is the origin of these colors?
One can justifiably infer from the authors argument that if a presidential election campaign in the U. Sharing or reproducing this material in any form is a violation of the AAMC copyright An increasing number of individuals and communities in the U. Other Related Materials 56 pages. After extensive research. If light is wavelike and if diffractive effects are ignored. This complete package includes all 14 of the current MCAT products at a significant discount over ordering each separately.
A Vitamin D is needed to prevent rickets. Issues in American Politics.
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