There are 4 main types of if sentences in English, often called conditional sentences. These sentences are in two halves (clauses). ➢ the if part (if clause). See also PDF exercises below. Online exercises: First conditional Exercise 1. Join sentences: I'll help you. Maybe you'll need it. - I'll help you if you need it. Conditional Sentences / If - Clauses Type I, II and III. A. Conditional Sentence Type 1: → It is possible and also very likely that the condition will be fulfilled.

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(First conditional) If we don't work harder, we won't pass the exam. 2. (Third conditional) If the students hadn't been late for the exam, they would have passed . 3. – LEARNING ENGLISH ONLINE. Conditional sentences - Test. A - Which type of the Conditional sentences is used? 1) If I find your key, I'll tell. Conditional sentences usually have two parts, known as clauses. future time in a sentence such as "If it rains, I will go". You can also download it as a pdf.

Allen and Greenough's New Latin Grammar gives a classification for Latin that is much deeper that that. I cannot say whether it would work for most languages or not Latin, like English, does not distinguish the Subjunctive and the Desiderative , but it is much more practical.

On the second axis, there is grammatical time: past, present and future. It is still very incomplete in its treatment of the various kinds of condition. The system demonstated here seems to derive from a rather confused ESL teaching method. The standard classification system from Latin and Classical Greek is more rigorous and also makes more intuitive sense in terms of names for the different conditions.

I will try to work that system in later. But I suppose we should also leave the "zero condition" etc system too, because it does seem to get used.

Conditional sentences

I think "Conditional sentence" is too broad for this article. It is resembling the German "Wenn ich Examples of first conditional: If it rains, I will not play outside. If I am out to lunch, Maria will answer calls. I will wrap his present if he leaves. First conditional sentences can refer to either present of future time. Second Conditional What is a second conditional sentence?

A second conditional sentence is a sentence that can express two ideas. First, it might express things in the future that are unlikely to happen.

Second, it is used to express an idea that is not true because it is impossible. Examples of second conditional: If I knew the answer, I would tell you.

If I were you, I would not leave tonight. If I were president, I would fix the system.

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Second conditional sentences refer to the present time. Third Conditional What is a third conditional sentence? A third conditional sentence expresses a past idea that did not occur. The third conditional sentence expresses an imagined result of that past event that did not occur. In other words, it is unreal. But I didn't win anything.

If he had met her, he would have told her. Unfortunately, he didn't meet her. If we hadn't practised, we wouldn't have won the match. But we practised and won.

All Conditional Sentences In English | Download in PDF version

Examples - type 1: If you have finished your dinner, you can ask for the bill. If you are feeling tired, take a rest.


If he is a good skier, he might make it. If you want to be slim, you should eat less.

If you meet her, could you let me know? Examples - type 2: If I knew his address, I might go and see him. If we were on holiday, we would be lying on a beach now. Why are we watching this film?

If we were watching the news, it would be more interesting. Examples - type 3: We didn't save any money. If we had saved some money, we might have bought the house.

She wasn't there and I wasn't sitting next to her.

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But if she had been there, I would have been sitting next to her. I was looking at the trees when I fell off the bike. If I hadn't been looking at the trees, I wouldn' t have fallen off the bike.

In the mixed conditional sentences we can combine the second and third conditional. If he had left immediately, he would be here now. He didn't leave immediately and isn't here.

If I had studied hard when I was young, I wouldn't be a porter now.


I didn't study and I am a porter. If we hadn't told him the way while he was preparing for his journey, he would get lost now. We told him and he isn't lost. We can also make conditional sentences by changing the word order in the if clause. Had he booked the hotel room, he wouln't have slept at the camp.

If he had booked Were I in your position, I would accept it. If I were This is less common, quite formal and is mostly used in writing. If is the most frequent expression in the if clauses, but other expressions are also possible: You will leave tonight even if you don't want to.

You can have your birthday party provided that you aren't noisy. We'll sell you the ranch on condition you pay in cash.

Unless you do something, she won't come back. If you don't do anything,En este caso, utilizamos If I were you en la if-clause y would en la main clause. If I am out to lunch, Maria will answer calls.

If I am late for work again, the boss might fire me. Type 2 If I knew his address, I might go and see him.

If I have enough money, I might download a new car next month.